What is endometrial ablation?
Endometrial ablation is a surgical procedure in which the lining of the uterus is destroyed. This helps to reduce menstrual flow, or in some cases, stop it entirely.
How does it work?
In order to perform endometrial ablation, your surgeon will place small surgical tools through the vagina and cervix, into the uterus. The tools will destroy the uterus lining with either high-energy radiofrequencies or extremely hot or cold substances. There are a number of methods of endometrial ablation including:
- Electrosurgery A scope is inserted into the uterus and used to carve into the uterus lining.
- Cryoablation The lining of the uterus is frozen and destroyed with the use of very cold ice balls.
- Hot liquid A heated saline liquid is placed into the uterus in order to destroy the lining.
- Heated balloon A balloon-type device is inserted into the cervix and then inflated with hot liquid.
- Microwave An instrument that emits microwaves is inserted through the cervix. The instrument heats up the tissue.
- Radiofrequency An instrument that transmits radiofrequency energy and destroys tissue is placed in the uterus.
Do I need endometrial ablation?
The procedure helps to treat excessive blood loss through menstrual bleeding. You gynaecologist may recommend the endometrial ablation for one of the following reasons:
- Extremely heavy periods
- Excessive bleeding that lasts longer than eight days
- Anemia caused by blood loss