HYSTERECTOMY (abdominal or vaginal)
What is a hysterectomy?
A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that is performed in order to remove the uterus. A hysterectomy can be performed for a number of reasons including:
- Severe fibroids
- Uterine prolapse
- Cancer (in the uterus, cervix or ovaries)
- Severe endometriosis
- Severe pelvic pain
- Severe and abnormal vaginal bleeding
What types of hysterectomy are there?
There are several types of hysterectomy. These include:
- Supracervial / subtotal hysterectomy
The upper part of the uterus is removed.
- Total hysterectomy
The entire uterus and cervix is removed.
- Radical hysterectomy
The entire uterus is removed, as well as the tissue on the sides of the uterus, the cervix and the top section of the vagina.
What techniques are used?
There are two main techniques used to perform this procedure. They are:
The surgeon makes an incision in the abdomen and removes the uterus.
Minimally invasive surgery
This includes the following options:
- Vaginal hysterectomy
The surgeon makes an incision in the vagina and removes the uterus through this incision.
- Laparoscopic hysterectomy
The surgeon uses a laparoscope to remove the uterus through a small incision in the belly button.