Endometriosis occurs when the tissue lining the uterus starts to grow around the uterus itself. Growths can then attach to the ovaries as well as other organs, and can cause painful symptoms. Endometriosis can also make it more difficult to fall pregnant.
The most common way in which severe endometriosis is treated is with laparoscopy – a surgical procedure in which the surgeon uses a laparoscope to remove scar tissue. Laparoscopy also allows your surgeon to look for any other possible problems.
The procedure is generally performed under a general anesthetic. First, the abdomen is inflated with gas. This pushes the abdominal wall away from the organs, allowing the surgeon to see them properly. A laparoscope is then inserted through a very small incision. Scar tissue is then removed or destroyed with an electric current or laser beam.
Your gynaecologist may recommend surgery if you are experiencing one of the following: